The city of Berlin has a variety of sites that were silent witnesses of the Cold War before German reunification. Along with the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, let’s get to know those sites again.
The city of Berlin holds a long history of the German state, including the cold war between West Germany and East Germany. The Berlin Wall, which collapsed on November 9, 1989, is the main symbol that fell precisely three decades ago.
In connection with the Berlin Wall, various heritage sites are not less attractive there. The following are:
1. Günter Litfin Memorial
This tower was once a watchtower belonging to the German Democratic Republic (RDJ), which is the official name of East Germany. It is located at the end of the Kieler Strasse road, next to the Berlin-Spandau canal and the cemetery.
The tower is a memorial to Günter Litfin, a citizen who was shot dead near the site while trying to swim across the canal, 11 days after the Berlin Wall was built there in 1961. Günter’s brother Jürgen built this monument by renovating the old tower abandoned it.
Museumwohnung is a small apartment in the former East Berlin area of Hellersdorf, which has five rooms consisting of a living room, bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, and study room. This apartment is now a museum whose furniture has maintained since the RDJ period, such as televisions, books, tapes, typewriters, and cleaning products. There is no charge for visiting the museum. It is located on Hellersdorfer Strasse 179, which is open every Sunday at 14:00-16.00 local time.
3. Baumhaus a der Mauer ( Treehouse at the Wall )
Baumhaus a der Mauer (Treehouse) located under the Berlin Wall. This unique house made by the late Osman Kalin, a Turkish migrant who lives in West Berlin. At first, the land where the house created belonged to East Germany, which ignored. Eventually, this land became the property of West Germany.
Kalin cleans and processes the area, growing vegetables and flowers just below the Berlin Wall. Despite pressure from West and East Germany, this house has survived and is now being cared for by its son.
4. Ernst Thälmann Park
This park is one of the last but most prestigious East German development projects. Inaugurated in 1986, the park was built to commemorate 100 years of the former Communist Party leader, Ernst Thälmann.
In this 25-hectare park, you can find the Thälmann Statue at the western end of Greifswalder Street. Also, in this park are built high-rise apartments, swimming pools, youth theater, and sophisticated planetariums of his time that are still used today.
5. Former Border Post at Chausseestrasse
This checkpoint was once the only West German citizen access to enter East Germany, either to refuel at Total gas stations or visit a small park not far from the post. There is also a tramway in the middle of the road that doesn’t work when East Germany’s ‘ghost station’ reopens.
Also, here you can see rabbit carvings on the sidewalk made by artist Karla Sachse. Karla made this to convey that rabbits are the only ones who can come and go across walls without fear of being shot.
6. Parlament der Bäume ( Parliament of Trees )
This place is a site commemorating the Parliament of Trees against violence and war. Artists and environmental activist Ben Wagin made them in the former Berlin Wall border lane in 1990.
Quoted from the Visit Berlin site, as many as 58 parts of the Berlin Wall used for artistic facilities. Also on this wall are the names of 258 victims who died from the Berlin Wall.