Mainland Saudi Arabia is mostly desert. But in the middle of the desert, there is the largest oasis in the world which is UNESCO World Heritage.
Since announcing its various mega projects in the field of tourism, everything about Saudi Arabia has been in the spotlight. One of them is that this vibrant country has the largest oasis in the world, recognized by UNESCO.
This oasis is named Al-Ahsa on the eastern Arabian peninsula. Peek Landdisposition.com on the UNESCO website; this oasis entered into the UNESCO World Heritage as a developing cultural land.
Al-Ahsa can be said to be the most fertile and green land in Saudi Arabia. Why not, here grows with the fertility of 2.5 million palm trees of the highest quality, variety of vegetables, fruit and can be overgrown with rice.
What is Al-Ahsa?
In Arabic, Al-Ahsa means the sound of water flowing underground. This name is very suitable with Oasis Al-Ahsa which has 150 hot, cold, and hot springs that flow naturally on its soil. Al-Ahsa is not just an oasis. Al-Ahsa is also the name of a location that refers to urban areas of Al-Hofuf province. The name of Al-Ahsa calls all metropolitan regions in Hofuf.
For UNESCO, Al-Ahsa is a world heritage that is worth guarding and is a unique geocultural land and a remarkable example of human interaction with the environment. From research, Al-Ahsa is believed to have existed since before the advent of Islam, precisely before the year BC. Because of the abundant water resources, making Al-Ahsa as the first land in Saudi Arabia inhabited by humans alias inhabited.
That is why Al-Ahsa also categorized as one of the oldest settlements in the Arabian Peninsula. Archaeological evidence shows that oases have strong links with ancient civilizations in the Levant, Egypt and Mesopotamia.
And there is a secure channel to help the movement of trade and caravans entering Saudi Arabia. Archaeological evidence also shows that the first humans in Al-Ahsa came from the fifth millennium BC. The civilization that inhabited, because this oasis used to focus on agriculture. Evidenced by the discovery of sophisticated irrigation systems and canals that bring water to agricultural land.
The importance of Al-Ahsa for Saudi Arabia
Mainland Saudi Arabia is mostly desert. With the Oasis Al-Ahsa making this region one of the greenest in Saudi Arabia and its existence is vital. Here grows more than 3 million palm trees, and agricultural land covering an area of 10,000 hectares planted with various types of dates, vegetables, fruits and rice. Here also there are 150 hot, cold and warm springs that flow naturally and irrigate the Al-Ahsa region in the middle of this desert.
Oasis Al-Ahsa is about 60 km from the Arabian Gulf and makes it the most accessible area. This region is also easy to reach from the city of Riyadh, which is about 360 km and from Damman only 250 km.
Al-Ahsa also functioned as a major port and trade centre and known as a gateway to the Arabian Peninsula. This mainland port also connects the kingdoms of other bay countries such as the UAE, Qatar and Oman. Formerly at the beginning of Islam, Al-Ahsa was also the entrance for pilgrims’ caravans from countries crossing into Mecca.
And now the role of Oasis Al-Ahsa is increasing as a tourist destination that will welcome tourists coming to Saudi Arabia. Its fertile land and clear water and its location in the middle of the desert certainly make tourists curious. Although it has grown into one of the most developed and essential regions for Saudi Arabia, Al-Ahsa remains a destination that is rich in history and traditions of the past.