Svartifoss Black Waterfall Iceland
Svartifoss Waterfall is a waterfall located in Skaftafell, within the Vatnajokull national park, Iceland. Actually, there is nothing special about this waterfall. Although named Svartifoss which means ‘waterfall’ black, the colour of the water is clear like a waterfall in general.
But what makes Svartifoss unique is the cliff that lies behind it. This waterfall flows from the height of the cliff which is composed of dark stones with similar shapes to beams. Has attracted visitors because of its very unique environment.
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The waterfalls are shaped like black cubicles. Not only are the cliffs unique. River stones scattered under the waterfall also have a similar shape.
Cubic blocks that are shaped using these moulds are believed to have been produced during ancient times. The stones are called the Basalt Column This is due to a process caused by a volcanic eruption that encounters cold river water, resulting in sudden temperature change. The lava eventually froze and formed a very unique rock.
This waterfall has become an inspiration to architects in Iceland to build similarly shaped stone structures in the waterfalls. One of them is Hallgrimskirkja, a church located in Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland.